Survey of Cordyceps Biological Resources in Xishan National Forest Park, Kunming

On August 15th, 2018 and September 27th, 2018, the International Joint Research Center for Sustainable Utilization of Cordyceps Biological Resources of Yunnan University, organized by Dr. Preeyanat Hongthong, Dr. Pacharathon Simking, Dr. Surachai Techaoei and the Agricultural College of Meizhou University, Thailand. Associate Dean Dr. Nares Sirigasorn, Dr. Chinnapan Thanarut and his team, Dr. Wang Li from Shandong Agricultural University, Professor Yu Wong's research team, Dai Yongdong, Wang Wei, Liu Yanfang, Sun Yunpeng, Sun Tao, Duan Dongyu, Li Dandan, Wang Xiaoyan, Fan Qi, Xu Zhihong, Zhang Xiaomei 24 people, such as Tenghe, went to the Xishan National Forest Park in Kunming twice to investigate the wild Cordyceps resources. According to preliminary statistics, more than 50 specimens of Cordyceps were collected, including a total of 1 family, 3 genera and 12 species. The dominant species belonged to Cordyceps, and there were 8 species. The dominant species was Pinus sylvestris, and 15 strains were collected.


Figure: Huating Temple, Xishan National Forest Park, Kunming, August 15, 1018
Investigation and Analysis of the International Joint Research Center for the Sustainable Utilization of Cordyceps Biological Resources in Yunnan University


Figure: September 27, 2002, Taihua Temple, Xishan National Forest Park, Kunming
Investigation and Analysis of the International Joint Research Center for the Sustainable Utilization of Cordyceps Biological Resources in Yunnan University

Xishan is located 15 kilometers in the western suburbs of Kunming City. It is located in the northwestern edge of Dianchi Basin. The terrain is high in the northwest and low in the southeast. The terrain in the northwest and north is undulating, with the highest elevation of 2622 meters and the lowest elevation of 1731 meters. According to legend, there were phoenixes in ancient times, and those who did not know it were called Biji, so they were also called Bijishan. Also because of the shape of a reclining Buddha, it is also called Foshan. The Xishan forest is dense, the flowers and plants are prosperous, the scenery is beautiful and the scenery is excellent. In ancient times, it has the reputation of “the first best place in the middle of the country”. Although it is located in the subtropical zone, it has a high altitude, no heat in summer, no cold in winter, and pleasant weather. The annual average temperature in the urban area is around 15 °C. The average temperature in the hottest month is about 19 °C, and the average temperature in the coldest month is about 8 °C. The annual temperature difference is the smallest in the country. Due to the appropriate temperature and humidity, long sunshine and short frost period, it is a subtropical plateau monsoon climate. The vegetation types are mainly evergreen broad-leaved forests and coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests. Due to its suitable dry and wet conditions, it is rich in biodiversity and may contain abundant Cordyceps resources. Two surveys on the diversity of Cordyceps in Xishan National Forest Park will be conducted to provide specific basic materials for the survey of Cordyceps resources in Xishan National Forest Park.


Figure 3. Kunming Xishan National Forest Park Royal Thai Institute of Technology
Dr. Preeyanat Hongthong, Dr. Pacharathon Simking and Dr. Surachai Techaoei investigate Cordyceps


Figure 4. Prof. Yan of Kunming Xishan National Forest Park and Dr. Preeyanat Hongthong, Dr. Pacharathon Simking and Dr. Surachai Techaoei of Royal Thai Polytechnic University


Figure 5. Dr. Wang Li from Dr. Wang Li from Shandong Agricultural University, Xishan National Forest Park, Kunming, and the graduate student of Cordyceps


Figure 6. Dr. Wang Li and Prof. Yan from Shandong Agricultural University, Xishan National Forest Park, Kunming, China

1. Cordycepsaceae Cordycipitaceae
1.1 Cordyceps Cordyceps Fr.
1.1.1 Cordyceps militaris (L. ex Fr.) Link, Handbuck zur Erkennungder Nutzbarsten und atn Haufigsten Vorkommenden Gewdhse 3:347.1833.
Host: Lepidoptera
Habitat: Born on the evergreen broad-leaved forest and mixed forest or on the lepidoptera of the bark.

1.1.2 Cordyceps tenuipes Peck, Ann. Rep. N. Y. St. Mus. Nat. Hist. 31:44, 1879
Host: A Lepidoptera larva
Habitat: Born on the Lepidoptera larvae of evergreen broad-leaved forest or shrub land.

1.1.3 Cordyceps militaris (Cyprinidae, Cordyceps militaris) Cordyceps cicadae X. Q.Shin-g, Sinensia 7:812,1936
Host: Adult worm
Habitat: Born in evergreen broad-leaved forests and mixed forests or alfalfa in sandy soils under the litter

1.1.4 Cordyceps sp1 Cordyceps sp1.
Host: A Lepidoptera larva
Habitat: Born in a lepidopteran larva of evergreen broad-leaved forest.

1.1.5 Cordyceps sp2 Cordyceps sp2.
Host: A Lepidoptera larva
Habitat: Born in a lepidopteran larva of evergreen broad-leaved forest.

1.1.6 Cordyceps sp3 Cordyceps sp3.
Host: A Lepidoptera adult
Habitat: Born in an evergreen broad-leaved forest, a lepidopteran adult.

1.1.7 Cordyceps sp4 Cordyceps sp4.
Host: A Lepidoptera
Habitat: Lepidoptera born in evergreen broad-leaved forests and mixed forests

1.1.8 Cordyceps sp5 Cordyceps sp5.
Host: A Lepidoptera
Habitat: Born in the evergreen broad-leaved forest, a lepidoptera.

1.2 Beauveria bassiana BeauveriaVuill.
1.2.1 Beauveria bassiana sp1 Beauveria sp1.
Host: a spider
Habitat: Born in evergreen broad-leaved forest or coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest.

1.2.2 Beauveria bassiana sp2 Beauveria sp2.
Host: a larva of a moth
Habitat: Born in an evergreen broad-leaved forest, a larva of the moth.

1.3 Astragalus genus Akanthomyces Lebert
1.3.1 A genus of the genus Akanthomyces sp1
Host: a spider
Habitat: Born on a spider in the evergreen broad-leaved forest

1.3.2 A species of Akanthomyces sp2
Host: a coleopteran insect
Habitat: Born in an evergreen broad-leaved forest, a coleopteran insect

According to the survey results, the Cordyceps biological resources of Xishan National Forest Park in Kunming involve 12 families, 3 genera and 12 species, Cordycipepsaceae Cordyceps Fr. 8 species, Cordyceps militaris (L. ex Fr.) Link, Cordyceps Cordyceps. Tenuipes Peck, Cordyceps cicadae Miquel, Cordyceps sp1, Cordyceps sp2, Cordyceps sp3, Cordyceps sp4, Cordyceps sp5. Beauveria Vuill. 2 species, Beauveria sp1, Beauveria sp2. Two species, Akanthomyces Lebert, Akanthomyces sp1, Akanthomyces sp2. Hosts include Lepidoptera larvae, Lepidoptera adults, Coleoptera insects, spiders, etc., of which Lepidoptera larvae are the majority.


Figure 7. Professor and graduate student of Cordyceps sinensis at Xishan National Forest Park in Kunming


Figure 8. Dr. Wang Li from Dr. Wang Li from Shandong Agricultural University, Xishan National Forest Park, Kunming, and the graduate student of Cordyceps

The joint investigation was the first survey of Cordyceps biological resources in Xishan National Forest Park of Kunming City. It was found that the Cordyceps biological resources in Kunshan Xishan National Forest Park are rich and varied, involving 1 family, 3 genera and 12 species, indicating that Kunming Xishan National Forest Park has suitable Cordyceps growth. ecosystem. The survey provided specific information for the survey of Cordyceps biological resources in Kunming.